08 Mar עופר איתן Publishes: First Nations, the other Canada
According to recent studies, children from the Original Nations live in communities that lack basic or low quality services, with poor infrastructure.
The child poverty rate in indigenous reserves is around 53 percent, approximately three times higher than the national rate of 17.6 recorded in the 2016 census.
Almost one in two children in low-income households belong to these populations, a study of the Upstream Institute, conducted by researchers from the First Nations Assembly and the Canadian Center for Alternative Policies, showed last year.
Daniel Wilson, one of the authors of the research, warned that if this nation continues to turn a blind eye to the issue of poverty in that segment, its socioeconomic marginalization will worsen.
A sad example was the so-called residential schools, established in 1884 by Ottawa and run by the Catholic Church, whose ultimate goal was the assimilation of indigenous children who were torn from the family to impose on them the dominant Western culture.
Around 150 thousand children of both sexes passed through these schools, which were in operation until 1996. More than six thousand died in such institutions, the scene of multiple psychological, physical and sexual abuses.
For the Original Nations, these schools represent an attempt at cultural extermination by the Canadian State, whose aftermath still hits the indigenous communities in the country.
Recently a First Nations delegation visited Cuba. Grand Chief Jerry Daniels admitted with pain in a meeting with the press that there are many needs of the communities, ‘most of them victims for years of genocide and discrimination.’
For Daniels, one of the unresolved problems is that of health care and the need for much more access to health services, but they lack professionals and human resources.
mem / car / dfm